MOOG is a code that performs a variety of LTE line analysis
and spectrum synthesis tasks. The typical use of MOOG is to assist in
the determination of the chemical composition of a star. The basic
equations of LTE stellar line analysis are followed, in particular
using the formulation of F. N. Edmonds, Jr.
(1969, JQSRT, 9, 1427).
Much of the MOOG code follows in a general way the WIDTH and SYNTHE
codes of R. L. Kurucz (see his web site:
Below are instructions on downloading MOOG. If you
have trouble grabbing or decoding the code please email me at
The coding is in various subroutines that are called from a few driver
routines; these routines are written in standard FORTRAN.
The standard MOOG version has been developed on unix, linux and macintosh
One of the chief assets of MOOG is its ability to do on-line graphics.
This means that the plotting commands are given within the FORTRAN
code. MOOG uses the graphics package SM, chosen for its ease of
implementation in FORTRAN codes. Plotting calls are concentrated in
just a few routines, and it should be possible for users of other
graphics packages to substitute other appropriate FORTRAN commands.
The current MOOG release (November 2019) is the only code that
is actively supported.
See below for downloading instructions of this code.
Finally, financial support from the US National Science
Foundation and NASA for many years in development of this code
is gratefully acknowledged.
abfind in MOOG
A standard MOOG running option called abfind force-fits abundances
of species to yield computed equivalent widths that agree with observed
ones previously measured with other software packages.
Here is a sample graphical output from this mode.
- Example of abundance output from equivalent width
matching: these are Fe I abundances from individual
lines plotted as functions of excitation potential (top
panel), reduced equivalent width (middle panel), and
wavelength (bottom panel). The dashed yellow lines
represent the mean Fe I abundance, and the dashed blue
lines represent (linear) trends of abundance with the
three variables. The middle plot also contains information
about the stellar model atmosphere used in this computation,
and the bottom plot has information on the stellar
equivalent widths. The vertical axis abundance units
are logarithmic number densities on a standard scale in which
log ε(H) = 12. The user can alter some of the
computations (such as assumed microturbulent velocity)
while the code is running.
Click on picture to see larger image
synth in MOOG
The other standard MOOG running option called synth computes
a set of trial synthetic spectra and (if the user so desires) matches
these to an observed spectrum.
Abundances can be deduced either bu visual inspection of the plot or
by mathematical minimization of the observed-computed spectrum difference.
- Example of synthetic spectrum computations and
their comparison to an observed spectrum:
This spectrum contains a complex blend of weak CN molecular
lines and significant features of rare earth species
La II, Ce II, Nd II, Sm II, Tb II, and Tm II. Some
abundances have been altered from their input values,
as listed in the figure legend, and the abundances
of Tb and Tm have been varied for each synthesis.
the colored lines represent the 4 synthetic spectrum
computations, and the white dots represent the
observed spectrum. The bottom panel shows the spectra
plotted together, and the top panel shows the "o-c"
comparisons of synthetic and observed spectra.
The abundance units are logarithmic number
densities on a standard scale in which
log ε(H) = 12.
Click on picture to see larger image
How to acquire MOOG
You may obtain a copy of MOOG via ftp. The latest release is another
overhaul of the code in visible and in background ways.
Most users will not notice any changes..
To obtain the current version of the code, last uploaded November 2019,
MOOGNOV2019. The downloaded file will be called MOOGNOV2019.tar.gz
Not sure whether or not you would like MOOG? You are welcome
to download a pdf file describing the code.
It is called
Warning! This is a decent introduction to the code, but does not pretend
to cover all the possibilities for using MOOG.
Note: If do not have the plotting package SM on your system,
it is available at a modest cost. Send messages of inquiry to Patricia
or go to the SM
How to install MOOG
Once you have obtained MOOG via ftp, on a unix/linux machine execute the
tar -zxvf MOOGNOV2019.tar.gz
This uncompresses to a diretory that is called moognov2019.
Inside that directory you should end up with many *.f files,
several *.com files, two Barklem damping data files,
and several Makefile.xxx files, one of which ought to be appropriate to
modify for your own machine.
Then you need to prepare the code to compile and link for your particular machine:
vi Moog.f (or "emacs", or some other text editor)
Instructions for this easily-done task are in the comments in Moog.f.
You also need the appropriate library-linking commands to be put in your
Makefile.xxx, examples of which are provided. Finally, compile and link:
make -f Makefile.xxx where xxx = "rh64", "maclap", etc.
The resulting executable file will simply be called MOOG.
Most problems in getting to the executable file are connected with the library linking
process, and a common issue is discovering where the libraries (like sm, X11, etc.)
exist on your machine.
Sorry, I am not an IT expert and can only give you general help here.
Many aspects of MOOG have been developed in collaboration with other
stellar spectroscopists, several of whom are named in the "changes" file.
Their contributions are gratefully acknowledged.
A number of grants over the last couple of decades from the
U.S. National Science Foundation have supported my MOOG coding efforts.