Colloquia Schedule Spring 2016

Colloquia are on Tuesdays (unless otherwise indicated) at 3:30 pm in RLM 15.216B

 
Jan. 19

"Spirals, Gaps, and Cavities: Signposts of Planets in Protoplanetary Disks?"

abstract

Robin (Ruobing) Dong

LBNL/Berkeley

host: Adam Kraus

Jan. 26

"The Key Influence of AGB Stars on the Evolution and Global Properties of Galaxies"

abstract

Martha L. Boyer

NASA Goddard

host: Kristen McQuinn

Feb. 2

"CAMPARE and Cal-Bridge: Two Synergistic Programs Forming a Successful New Model for Promoting Participation of Women and Underrepresented Minority Students in Astronomy"

abstract

Alexander L. Rudolph

California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

host: William Cochran

Feb. 9

"Exoplanet Atmospheres in High Resolution"

abstract

Jayne L. Birkby

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

host: Daniel Jaffe

Feb. 16

"The Dynamical Evolution of Young Stellar Complexes in the Milky Way"

abstract

Alison I. Sills

McMaster University, Hamilton, ON

host: Natalie Gosnell

Feb. 23

"The Evolution of Galaxy Structural Properties"

abstract

Rachel Somerville

Rutgers University, Downsbrough Chair in Astrophysics

host: Shardha Jogee

Mar. 1

"A PHAT New Measurement of the High-Mass Stellar IMF"

abstract

Daniel Weisz

UC Berkeley/University of Washington

host: Michael Boylan-Kolchin

Mar. 8

"The Role of Dwarf-Dwarf Galaxy Interactions in Galaxy Assembly"

abstract

Sabrina Stierwalt

NRAO/University of Virginia

host: Kristen McQuinn

Mar. 15

No colloquium scheduled. (Spring Break)

Mar. 22

"Exploring the z~2.3 Cosmic Web with 3D Lyman-Alpha Forest Tomography"

abstract

Khee-Gan Lee

UC Berkeley/LBNL

host: Caitlin Casey

Mar. 29

"Understanding Galaxy Evolution with Massive Starburst Galaxies"

abstract

Hai Fu

University of Iowa

host: Caitlin Casey

Apr. 5

"Implications from the Detection of the Binary Black Hole Inspiral GW150914"

abstract

Matthew Benacquista

University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

host: J. Craig Wheeler

Apr. 6

Stellar Seminar talk Date/Time: Wed., 12 Noon: "Title: TBA"

David Yong (Stellar Tinsley Scholar)

Mt. Stromlo Observatory, Australia

host: Fritz Benedict

Apr. 12

"The Calm Before the Storm: Exploring the Post Accretionary Doldrums Prior to the Late Heavy Bombardment"

The early bombardment of the inner solar system played a critical role in planetary evolution, but there is still considerable uncertainty about what happened when. Dynamical models suggest two major bombardment phases may have taken place: (i) a post-accretionary period where newly-formed worlds were struck by leftover planetesimals, and (ii) a late heavy bombardment period, possibly produced by conditions related to a violent reshuffling of the planets ~4.1-4.2 Gyr ago (Ga). If valid, a relative impact lull took place between the two bombardment phases. We explore the evidence for such doldrums in this talk. Consider:

a) Mars. Geochemical and meteorite evidence indicates the giant 10,600 x 8,500 km Borealis basin formed > 4.5 Ga. Many postulated basins forming afterwards, however, can be ruled out by the surprisingly pristine nature of the Borealis boundary in topography and gravity. Three of the four largest remaining basins, Hellas, Isidis, and Argyre, have superposed craters counts indicating they are < 4.1 Ga.

b) Asteroids. The oldest and most extensive sets of 39Ar-40Ar shock degassing ages, found within meteorites that were heavily shocked, shock-melted, or otherwise showed some evidence for having been part of a large collision, show age clusters between ~3.5-4.1 Ga and ~4.4-4.54 Ga. Using dynamical/impact heating models, it can be argued that relatively few projectiles were on planet-crossing orbits between ~4.1-4.4 Ga.

c) Moon. The Moon is probably 4.47 Ga, yet most sample evidence for basin-sized impacts may be < 4.2 Ga. The age gap is curious unless many basins were created close in time to the solidification of the lunar crust. Using collisional/dynamical models, it can be shown that many early basins and craters formed > 4.4 Ga. Here the early impactors may be surviving debris from the Moon-forming giant impact event; note that ejecta initially escaping the Earth-Moon system can come back over many tens of Myr. This would leave doldrums between ~4.2-4.4 Ga.

d) Earth. Early impacts may provide the means to indirectly make Hadean-era zircons (via burial of terrains by impact-derived melt). This could mean the paucity of > 4.2 Ga zircons is not solely a survival bias, but instead are doldrums. The zircon age distribution peak near ~4.15 Ga would then tell us about the onset of the late heavy bombardment.

close

William F. Bottke (Planetary Tinsley Scholar)

Southwest Research Instutite, Boulder, Colorado

host: Mike Endl/Judit Ries

Apr. 19

"Disk Galaxy Assembly Across Cosmic Time: Combining Magnitude-limited Survey with Gravitational Lensing"

abstract

Tiantian Yuan (Exgal Tinsley Scholar)

Australia National University

host: Chao-Ling Hung

Apr. 26

"The Discovery and Characterization of the Y Dwarfs"

abstract

Michael Cushing

University of Toledo

host: Brendan Bowler

May 3

"What can Binaries tell us about Planet Formation?"

abstract

Kaitlin M. Kratter (ISM Tinsley Scholar)

Steward Observatory, University of Arizona

host: Adam Kraus

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Please report omissions/corrections to: G. Orris at argus@astro.as.utexas.edu.

15 April 2016
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