Galaxy Formation and the Intergalactic Medium Research Group

Department of Astronomy and Texas Cosmology Center, The University of Texas at Austin


PUBLICATIONS: please click on ADS and astro-ph links

PAUL R. SHAPIRO Professor ADS astro-ph
TANJA RINDLER-DALLER Postdoctoral Fellow ADS arXiv
ANSON D'ALOISIO Postdoctoral Fellow ADS astro-ph
BOHUA LI Graduate Student (Astronomy)
HYUNBAE PARK Graduate Student (Astronomy) ADS astro-ph


PUBLICATIONS (1992 - 2003)


A. Papers D. Computer Visualization
B. Books Edited E. Ph.D. Dissertations
C. Popular Science Articles F. Master's Degree Dissertations

A. Papers

  1. Fragmentation of Elongated Cylindrical Clouds. IV. Clouds with Rotation Around an Arbitrary Axis.
    Bonnell, I., Arcoragi, J.-P.,, Martel, H., & Bastien, P. 1992, ApJ, 400, 579.
  2. Radiative Shocks and Hydrogen Molecules in Pregalactic Gas: The Effects of Postshock Radiation
    Kang, H., & Shapiro, P. R., 1992, ApJ, 386, 432-451.
  3. Chemistry in the Early Universe
    Shapiro, P. R. 1992, in Astrochemistry of Cosmic Phenomena, ed. P. D. Singh (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers), pp. 73-82.
  4. Magnetic Fields and Radiative Shocks in Protogalaxies and the Origin of Globular Clusters
    Shapiro, P. R., Clocchiatti, A., & Kang, H. 1992, ApJ, 389, 269-285.
  5. Nonequilibrium Absorption Line and Emission Spectrum Diagnostics for the Galactic Fountain
    Benjamin, R. A., & Shapiro, P. R. 1993, in The Tenth International Colloquium on UV and X-ray Spectroscopy of Astrophysical and Laboratory Plasmas, eds. E. H. Silver and S. M. Kahn (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press), pp. 280-284.
  6. Fragmentation of Elongated Cylindrical Clouds
    Martel, H., Bonnell, I., Arcoragi, J.-P., Bastien, P., Rouleau, F., & Benz, W. 1993, Rev. Mexicana Astron. Astrof., 27, 16.
  7. Large-Scale Explosions and Superbubbles in the Galactic Disk and Halo I. Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations
    Mineshige, S., Shibata, K., & Shapiro, P. R. 1993, ApJ, 409, 663-681.
  8. Magnetic Superbubbles in the Galactic Disk and Halo
    Mineshige, S., Shibata, K., & Shapiro, P. R. 1993, in Proceedings of Fourth International Toki Conference on Fusion and Astrophysical Plasmas (ESA SP-351), pp. 371-374.
  9. Shock-Induced Formation of Globular Clusters Inside Protogalaxies
    Shapiro, P. R. 1993, in The Globular Cluster-Galaxy Connection, eds. G. H. Smith and J. P. Brodie (Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, Vol. 48), pp. 664-674.
  10. The Spectrum of Cooling Gas in the Galactic Fountain
    Shapiro, P. R., & Benjamin, R. A. 1993, in Star Formation, Galaxies, and the Interstellar Medium, eds. J. J. Franco, F. Ferrini, G. Tenorio-Tagle (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press), pp. 275-280.
  11. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics and the Simulation of Galaxy and Large-Scale Structure Formation
    Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., Villumsen, J. V., & Kang, H. 1993, Rev. Mexicana Astron. Astrof., 27, 187-190.
  12. Galaxy Formation in Lambda>0 Friedmann Models. Consequences for the Number Counts vs Redshift Test
    Martel, H. 1994, ApJ, 421, L67-70.
  13. Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics with Application to Galaxy and Large-Scale Structure Formation
    Martel, H., Shapiro, P. R., Villumsen, J. V., & Kang, H. 1994, in Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics in Astrophysics, eds. G. Bono and J. C. Miller, Memorie Della Societa Astronomica Italiana, 65, 1061-1071.
  14. Reionization in a Cold Dark Matter Universe: The Feedback of Galaxy Formation on the Intergalactic Medium
    Shapiro, P. R., Giroux, M. L., & Babul, A. 1994, ApJ, 427, 25-50.
  15. Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics and Galaxy Formation
    Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., & Villumsen, J. V. 1994, in Numerical Simulations in Astrophysics, eds. J. Franco, S. Lizano, L. Aguilar, and E. Daltabuit (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press) pp. 45-52
  16. Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics and the Simulation of Large-Scale Structure Formation
    Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., & Villumsen, J. V. 1994, in Evolution of the Universe and its Observational Quest (Proceedings of Yamada Conference XXXVII), ed. K. Sato (Tokyo: Universal Academic Press, Inc.) 295-301
  17. Nonlinear Structure Formation in Flat Cosmological Models
    Martel, H. 1995, Ap.J., 445, 537-552.
  18. Large-Scale Structure Formation and the Segregation of Dark and Baryonic Matter
    Martel, H., Shapiro, P. R., Valinia, A., & Villumsen, J. V. 1995, in Dark Matter, eds. S. S. Holt and C. L. Bennett (AIP Conference Proceedings 336) pp. 441-445.
  19. The Reionization of the Intergalactic Medium
    Shapiro, P. R. 1995, in The Physics of the Interstellar Medium and the Intergalactic Medium, eds. A. Ferrara, C. F. McKee, C. Heiles, and P. R. Shapiro (ASP Conf. Series Vol. 80), pp. 55-97 (Invited Review)
  20. Dust Grain Carriers and the Diffuse Band Profiles
    Shapiro, P. R. 1995, in The Diffuse Interstellar Bands, eds. A.G.G.M. Tielens and T. P. Snow (Dordrecht:Kluwer Academic Publishers), pp. 253-262 (Invited Review)
  21. The Effect of Reionization of the Intergalactic Medium on Galaxy Formation
    Shapiro, P. R., & Martel, H. 1995, in Dark Matter, eds. S. S. Holt and C. L. Bennett (AIP Conference Proceedings 336) pp. 446-449
  22. Gravitational Instability in Cosmological Pancakes
    Valinia, A., Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., Vishniac, E. T., & Villumsen, J. V. 1995, MPE-Report, 261, 000
  23. The Reionization of the Intergalactic Medium and its Observational Consequences
    Giroux, M. L., & Shapiro, P. R. 1996, ApJS, 102, 191-238.
  24. Three-Dimensional Shape Statistics: Applications
    Luo, S., Vishniac, E. T., & Martel, H. 1996, ApJ, 468, 62-74.
  25. Simulating the Formation of Galaxies and Large-Scale Structure in the Universe
    Shapiro, P. R. 1996, in Outlook, Vol. 4, No. 1 (The University of Texas at Austin Computation Center), pp. 4-6
  26. Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, with Application to Cosmology: Methodology
    Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., Villumsen, J. V., & Owen, J. M. 1996, ApJS, 103, 269-330.
  27. Reionization Feedback and the Photoevaporation of Intergalactic Clouds
    Shapiro, P. R., Raga, A. C., & Mellema, G. 1997, in Structure and Evolution of the IGM from QSO Absorption Line Systems (13th IAP Colloquium), eds. P. Petitjean and S. Charlot (Paris: Editions Frontieres), pp. 41-45 (astro-ph/9710210)
  28. Gravitational Instability in Collisionless Cosmological Pancakes
    Valinia, A., Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., & Vishniac, E. 1997, ApJ, 479, 46-69.
  29. Shadows Behind Neutral Clumps in Photoionized Regions
    Canto, J., Raga, A. C., Steffen, W., & Shapiro, P. R. 1998, ApJ, 502, 695-707.
  30. Morphological Evolution of Galaxies
    Martel, H., Premadi, P., & Matzner, R. 1998, ApJ, 497, 512-528.
  31. A Convenient Set of Comoving Cosmological Variables and Their Application
    Martel, H., & Shapiro, P. R. 1998, MNRAS, 297, 467-485 (astro-ph/9710119)
  32. Likely Values of the Cosmological Constant
    Martel, H., Shapiro, P. R., & Weinberg, S. 1998, ApJ, 492, 29-40.
  33. Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics: Methodology II
    Owen, J. M., Villumsen, J. V., Shapiro, P. R., & Martel, H. 1998, ApJS, 116, 155-210.
  34. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes. I: Methodology and Preliminary Results
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., & Matzner, R. 1998, ApJ, 493, 10-27.
  35. Radiative Feedback and the Photoevaporation of Intergalactic Clouds
    Shapiro, P. R., Raga, A. C., & Mellema, G. 1998, in Molecular Hydrogen in the Early Universe, eds. F. Palla, E. Corbelli, and D. Galli, Memorie Della Societa Astronomica Italiana, 69, pp. 463-469 (astro-ph/9804117).
  36. A Model for the Postcollapse Equilibrium of Cosmological Structures: Truncated Isothermal Spheres from Top-Hat Density Perturbations
    Shapiro, P. R., Iliev, I. T., & Raga, A. C. 1999, MNRAS, 307, 203-224
  37. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., & Matzner, R. 1999, in Proceedings of the 1998 Tokyo conference on Numerical Astrophysics (Kluwer Academic Publishers), 39-40 (astro-ph/9807127).
  38. Statistics of Weak Gravitational Lensing in Cold Dark Matter Models; Magnification Bias on Quasar Luminosity Functions
    Hamana, T., Martel, H., & Futamase, T. 2000, ApJ, 529, 56.
  39. A Database of COBE-Normalized CDM Simulations
    Martel, H., & Matzner, R. 2000, ApJ, 530, 525
  40. Testing the Convergence of the Multiple Lense-Plane Algorithm
    Martel, H., Premadi, P., & Matzner, R. 2000, Ap.J., 537, 28
  41. Radiative Feedback and the Photoevaporation of Intergalactic Clouds
    Shapiro, P. R., Raga, A. C., & Mellema, G. 2000, in Proceedings of the 19th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology, ed. Montmerle, T., Nucl. Phys. B, 80, CD-Rom 05/07 (2000)
  42. Explosions During Galaxy Formation. Scale-Free Simulations
    Martel, H., & Shapiro, P. R. 2000, in Proceedings of the 19th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology, ed. Montmerle, T., Nucl. Phys. B, 80, CD-Rom 09/11 (2000) (astro-ph/9904121)
  43. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes. Cosmological Parameter Survey
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., Futamase, T., & Matzner, R. 2000, in Proceedings of the 19th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology, ed. Montmerle, T., Nucl. Phys. B, 80, CD-Rom 09/16 (2000)
  44. Reionization of the Universe and the Photoevaporation of Cosmological Minihalos
    Shapiro, P. R., & Raga, A. C. 2000, Rev.Mex.A.A (SC), 9, 292
  45. On the Mass Profile of Galaxy Cluster CL0024_1654 Inferred from Strong Lensing
    Shapiro, P. R. and Iliev, I. T. 2000, ApJ, 542, L1
  46. Reionization of the Universe by Starlight and the Photoevaporation of Cosmological Minihalos
    Shapiro, P. R. and Raga, A. C. 2000, in Cosmic Evolution and Galaxy Formation: Structure, Interaction, and Feedback, eds. J. Franco, E. Terlevich, O. Lopez-Cruz, and I. Aretxaga (ASP Conference Series Vol. 215), pp 1--6. (Invited Paper). (astro-ph/0004413)
  47. On the Origin of Rotation Curves of Dark-Matter Dominated Galaxies
    Iliev, I. T and Shapiro, P. R. 2001, ApJ, 546, L5
  48. The Effect of Gas Dynamics on the Structure of Dark Matter Halos
    Alvarez, M., Shapiro, P. R., & Martel, H. 2001, Rev.Mex.A.A. (SC), 10, 124 (astro-ph/0006203)
  49. The Equilibrium Structure of Cosmological Halos: From Dwarf Galaxies to X-Ray Clusters
    Iliev, I. T. and Shapiro, P. R. 2001, Rev.Mex.A.A. (SC), 10, 138.
  50. Explosions During Galaxy Formation
    Martel, H. & Shapiro, P. R. 2001, Rev.Mex.A.A. (SC), 10, 101 (astro-ph/0006309)
  51. Reionization of the Universe and the Photoevaporation of Cosmological Minihalos
    Shapiro, P. R. and Raga, A. C. 2001, Rev.Mex.A.A. (SC), 10, 109 (astro-ph/0006367)
  52. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes. Cosmological Parameter Survey
    Premadi, P., Futamase, T., Martel, H., & Matzner, R. 2001, in Gravitational Lensing, Current Prospects and Future Goals, eds. T. G. Brainerd and C. S. Kochanek (ASP Conference Series Vol. 237), p. 375
  53. Statistics of Weak Gravitational Lensing in Cold Dark Matter Models; Magnification Bias on Quasar Luminosity Functions
    Hamana, T., Martel, H., & Futamase, T. 2001 in Gravitational Lensing, Current Prospects and Future Goals, eds. T. G. Brainerd and C. S. Kochanek (ASP Conference Series Vol. 237), p. 369
  54. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes. II: Cosmological Parameter Survey
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., Matzner, R. & Futamase, T. 2001, ApJS, 135, 7
  55. The Postcollapse Equilibrium Structure of Cosmological Haloes in a Low-Density Universe
    Iliev, I. T. and Shapiro, P. R. 2001, MNRAS, 325, 468
  56. Cosmological Parameter Survey Using the Gravitational Lensing Method
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., Matzner, R., & Futamase, T. 2001, in Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP), 268
  57. Cosmological Reionization
    Shapiro, P. R. 2001, in Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP), 219 (Invited Paper) (astro-ph/0104315)
  58. Explosions and Outflows during Galaxy Formation
    Martel, H. & Shapiro, P. R. 2001, in Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP), 265 (astro-ph/0104068)
  59. The Equilibrium Structure of Cosmological Halos
    Iliev, I. T. & Shapiro, P. R. 2001, in Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP), 146 (astro-ph/0104068)
  60. The Evolution of Dark-Matter Dominated Cosmological Halos
    Alvarez, M, Shapiro, P. R., & Martel, H. 2001, in Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP), 143 (astro-ph/0104007)
  61. The Cluster Mass Function in COBE- and Cluster-Normalized CDM Simulations
    El-Ad, H., Martel, H., Lecar, M., & Piran, T. 2002, ApJ, 565, 649
  62. The Central Mass and Phase-Space Densities of Dark Matter Halos: Cosmological Implications
    Shapiro, P. R. & Iliev, I. T. 2002, ApJ, 565, L1
  63. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes. III: Distribution of Image Separations
    Martel, H., Premadi, P., & Matzner, R. 2002, ApJ, 570, 17
  64. On the Direct Detectability of the Cosmic Dark Ages: 21-cm Emission from Minihalos
    Iliev, I. T., Shapiro, P. R., Ferrara, A., Martel, H. 2002, ApJ, 572, L123
  65. Nonlinear Clustering during the Cosmic Dark Ages and its Effect on the 21-cm Background from Minihalos
    Iliev, I. T., Scannapieco, E., Martel, H., & Shapiro, P. R. 2003, MNRAS, 341, 81.
  66. Light Propagation in Inhomogeneous Universes
    Premadi, P., Martel, H., & Matzner, R. 1999, in Publications of the Yukawa Institute of Theoretical Physics, in press (astro-ph/9807129)
  67. COBE- and Cluster-Normalized CDM Simulations
    Piran, T., El-Ad, Martel, H. & Lecar, M., in Proceedings of the XXXVth Rencontre de Moriond, Energy Densities in the Universe (Edition Frontieres), in press
  68. Cosmological Simulations with Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
    Martel, H. and Shapiro, P. R. 2001 in Astrophysical Supercomputing Using Particles (IAU Symposium 208), eds. J. Makino and P. Hut, in press (astro-ph/0110038)
  69. A Model for the Formation and Evolution of Cosmological Halos
    Alvarez, M., Shapiro, P. R., & Martel, H. 2002, in Galaxy Evolution: Theory and Observation, eds. V. Avila-Reese, C. Firmani, C. Frenk, and C. Allen, in press
  70. Analytical Model for the Distribution of Image Separations
    Premadi, P., & Martel, H. 2002, in Proceedings of the 8th Asian-Pacific Regional Meeting (ACS Conference series), in press
  71. The Spectrum of Cooling Gas in the Galactic Fountain
    Benjamin, R. A., & Shapiro, P. R. 2000, ApJS, submitted
  72. The Asymptotic Collapsed Fraction in an Eternal Universe
    Martel, H., & Shapiro, P. R. 2000, MNRAS, submitted (astro-ph/9903425)
  73. Gravitational Lensing by CDM Halos. Singular versus Nonsingular Profiles
    Martel, H., & Shapiro, P. R. 2003, MNRAS, submitted
  74. Formation and Evolution of Self-Interacting Dark Matter Halos
    Ahn, K. & Shapiro, P. R. 2002, JKAS, 35, 1 (astro-ph/0212575)
  75. On the Detectability of the Cosmic Dark Ages: 21-cm Lines from Minihalos
    Martel, H., Shapiro, P. R., Iliev, I. T., Scannapieco, E., & Ferrara. A. 2003, To appear in The Emergence of Cosmic Structure, the 13th Annual October Astrophysics Conference in Maryland, S. Holt & C. Reynolds, eds (AIP) (astro-ph/0302335)
  76. Density Profiles of Dark Halos from their Mass Accretion Histories
    Alvarez, M. A., Ahn, K., & Shapiro, P. R. 2003, to appear in proceedings of "The Eighth Texas-Mexico Conference on Astrophysics" eds. Mauricio Reyes, Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni (2003), RevMexAA SC (2003) (astro-ph/0302336)
  77. Photoevaporation of Minihalos during Reionization
    Shapiro, P. R., Iliev, I. T., Raga, A. C., & Martel, H. 2003, to appear in The Emergence of Cosmic Structure, the 13th Annual October Astrophysics Conference in Maryland, S. Holt & C. Reynolds, eds (AIP) (astro-ph/0302339)
  78. Photoevaporation of Cosmological Minihalos during Reionization
    Shapiro, P. R., Iliev, I. T., & Raga, A. C. 2004, MNRAS, 348, 753
  79. The Formation and Evolution of Self-Interacting Dark Matter Halos
    Ahn, K., & Shapiro, P. R. 2003, to appear in proceedings of The Eighth Texas-Mexico Conference on Astrophysics, eds. M. Reyes, \& E. Vazquez-Semadeni, RevMexAA SC (2003) (astro-ph/0303058)

B. Books Edited

  1. The Physics of the Interstellar Medium and the Intergalactic Medium, (1995), eds. A. Ferrara, C. F. McKee, C. Heiles, and P. R. Shapiro (Astron. Soc. Pacific Conference Series Vol. 80)
  2. Proceedings of the 20th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, (2001), eds. J. C. Wheeler and H. Martel (AIP)

C. Popular Science Articles

  1. The Universe, from Beginning to End
    Martel, H. 2002, StarDate (Austin:University of Texas/McDonald Observatory), March/April 2002, Vol. 30, No 2, p. 15
  2. The Rise of Structure in the Universe
    Shapiro, P. R. 2002, StarDate (Austin:University of Texas/McDonald Observatory), July/August 2002, Vol. 30, No 4, p. 15

D. Computer Visualization

  1. Cosmological Simulation Visualization Webpage
    Paul R. Shapiro, Hugo Martel, Marcelo Alvarez, and Chandrajit Bajaj
  2. 2-D Gas Dynamical Simulation of Large-Scale Structure Formation in a Mixed Dark Matter Universe, Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., Valinia, A., Nair, V., & Villumsen, J. V. 1994, University of Texas, Austin. (Selected for inclusion in SuperViz'94 Video, produced and distributed by Supercomputing'94 Conference, Washington, DC).
  3. 2-D Gas Dynamical Simulation of Gravitational Instability in Cosmological Pancakes, Valinia, A., Shapiro, P. R., Martel, H., & Nair, V. 1996, University of Texas, Austin.
  4. Fragmentation of Elongated Cylindrical Clouds. VII. Fragmentation Modes and Topological Considerations
    Bastien, P., Viau, S., Martel, H., & Bonnell, I., 1999
  5. Insight: Galactic Evolution
    Paul R. Shapiro, Hugo Martel, Marcelo Alvarez, and Chandrajit Bajaj, Computer Graphics World, 25th Anniversary Issue, January 2002, p. 56

E. Ph.D. Dissertations

  1. Giroux, M. L. 1992, (Astronomy, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    The Evolution of the Intergalactic Medium
  2. Benjamin, R. A. 1995, (Astronomy, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    The Origin and Evolution of Gaseous Galactic Halos
  3. Valinia, A. 1996, (Physics, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    Gravitational Instability in Cosmological Pancakes and X-ray Cluster Formation
  4. Iliev, I. 2000, (Physics, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    Gas Dynamical Processes in Galaxy and Large-Scale Structure Formation
  5. Ahn, K. 2005, (Physics, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    The Nature and Consequences of Cosmological Halo Formation: Dark Matter and the Dark Ages

F. Master's Degree Dissertations

  1. Gao, Youxin 1996, (Astronomy, University of Texas; Supervisor = Shapiro)
    The Effect of Radiative Transfer and Nonequilibrium Chemistry on Cosmological Pancake Hydrodynamics